Javan Leopard

Panthera pardus melas

High and mighty

A Javan leopard can carry up to 1.5 times its own body weight. That allows it to drag its kill to a safe place where it can eat undisturbed – preferably up a high tree.


  • Origin

    Java (Indonesia)

  • Habitat

    tropical rainforests and dry broadleaf forests

  • Diet

    Various types of deer, wild pigs, primates, birds, reptiles

  • Status

    critically endangered

  • Size

    Head-torso length of up to 140 cm

  • Weight

    up to 80 kg

  • Gestation period

    90 to 105 days

  • Achievable age

    approx. 15 to 20 years

Threat Categories of IUCN

Leopards can change their spots

Black panthers are often believed to be a separate species, but they are actually just leopards or jaguars with dark fur. Black panthers have more of the natural pigment melanin than the lighter members of their species. This is due to a genetic trait called melanism, which is particularly common in Javan leopards.


Did you know?

Scientists estimate there are only 250 to 350 Javan leopards left living in the wild.
The pattern on a leopard’s fur is as unique as our fingerprints.

Adopt an animal

Lend your support to the Tierpark’s modern, high-quality animal keeping and care by becoming an animal sponsor.


Opening hours

Today, 24. September
9:00 - 18:30
Last admission: 17:00
All opening hours

Feedings & Trainings

  • Our animals are full up. No more feeding sessions today.
All feedings